Description Students are required to complete two essays of 1,250 words each. You must submit an electronic file containing both pieces of work to turnitin by the hand in date of Friday 5th April 2019. Choose two from the following: How have Marxist ideas been applied to understandings of crime and punishment? What are the main differences between cultural understandings of crime earlier in the twentieth century and ‘cultural criminology’ today? What are the policy implications of labelling theory? What are the main criticisms of control theories of crime? What is the difference between right realist and left realist criminology? Does the modern prison work? How have the aims and the governance of the probation service changed since its introduction at the beginning of the twentieth century? What are the main shortcomings in modern rehabilitative approaches to punishment?
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